Design an Immutable class that has an java.util.Date member

Carvia Tech | May 19, 2019 | 1 min read | 2,273 views | Multithreading and Concurrency

Design an Immutable class that has an java.util.Date member

As we know that java.util.Date is not immutable, we need to make a defensive copy of java.util.Date field while returning a reference to this instance variable.

Let’s create a hypothetical person class that has name and dob as the only two members.

Immutbale Person Class
import java.util.Date;

class Person {
    private String name;
    private Date dob;

    public Person(String name, Date dob) { = name;
        this.dob = new Date(dob.getTime()); (1)

    public String getName() {
        return name;

    public Date getDob() {
        return new Date(dob.getTime()); (2)
1 We are creating a new copy of Date field otherwise reference to dob field may leak
2 We are returning defensive copy of Date field instead of directly returning the reference of instance variable.

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